Norfolk,Virginia's history with tropical systems
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(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm (bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm description is given(since 1871).

Years within 60 miles
1872bdts,1874bdts,1876bd,1877xtropbd,1878bd,1879,1881bdts,1882-2bdts,1886bdtsbr,
1888bdtsbr,1888tsbr,1889bdts,1893bdtsbr,1893ts,1894br,1894bd,1897ts,1899,1899bdtsbr,
1901br,1902bdxtropst,1904bdts,1908tsbr,1916xtropstbd,1918bdtsbr,1928bdts,1933ts,1935bdts,1936br,
1944br,1944bdts,1946bdtsbr,1953br,1955-2ts,1959bdts,1960bdts,1960bd,1961bdts,
1963ts(hurdat),1967ts,1971bdts,1981tsbr,1983tsbr,1984bdtsbr,1985br,1986,1992ts,1996,
1996br,1996xtropstbr,1999,2003bdbr,2004 tsbd,2004bdts,2008tsbdbr,2011,2012br,2013bdxtropst
60 times in 142yrs end of 2013


Names from list above
Barbara,Connie,Brenda,Donna,Doria,Bret,Dean,Diana,Gloria,Charley,Danielle
,Bertha,Fran,Josephine,Floyd ,Isabel,Charley,Gaston,Hanna,Irene,Sandy,Andrea,


Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio
TS=40, 66.66% H=20, 33.33%

Longest gap between storms
9 years 1918-1928 & 1971-1981

How often this area gets affected?
brushed or hit every 2.37 years

Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for a couple of hours)
(11h)once every 12.91 years State stats

Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
85mph

Statistically when this area should be affected next
affected in 2013
This is just a statistical average & does not mean the area will be affected by that year

Last affected by
June 7th,2013 extratropical Storm Andrea passes over while moving N.E with 45mph winds from the gulf of mexico.

This areas hurricane past
1876 September 17 ,75mph to the west from the south. Average 5 minute wind speed at Cape Henry was 78 mph; 8.32" of rain. Great destruction of crops & teers,streets littered with fences & debris.
1878 Oct 23rd from the south 90mph hurricane hits just west with a press of 28.78 eye made landfall at Cape Fear and moved north across Richmond and Washington DC.Ship A.S Davis sinks in hurricane 19 men lost.Huge surge through Chesapeake region & along Delmarva shore with highest tides since 1821.
1879 August 18th 105mph from the SSW the eye passed about 30 miles east of Norfolk. Tide in Norfolk 7.77 ft at Low tide. Average 5-minute wind speed at Cape Henry was 76 mph with estimated gusts to 100 mph. Fastest 1 minute at Norfolk was 72 mph and the pressure reached 29.26 inches
1894 Oct 10th,75mph from the SSW passes just east.
1899 Aug 18th,90mph from the S.E passes just east before turning away from Norfolk.
1960 September 12 ,110mph- DONNA. Fastest I minute wind speed was 73mph at Norfolk Airport, 80 mph at Cape Henry and estimated 138 mph at Chesapeake Light , 3 deaths.
1986 Aug 18th from SSW Hurricane Charley hits after passing over East N.C with 80mph winds,Norfolk on weak side of storm.
1996 July 13th Hurricane Bertha approaches from the SSW with 75mph while weakening to tropical storm.
1999 sept 16 hurricane Floyd passes over the area with 75mph winds from the south,causes heavy flooding of souns from storm surge as well as from very heavy rain. Lowest Pressure 28.85" - 977 MB - 4 th lowest of record. 10-20" of rain on saturated ground resulted in 500 year flood of record for Franklin, VA. WFO Wakefield was inaccessible for 36 hours.
2003 Sept 18th Hurricane Isabel,although technically a brush being over 75 miles to the west upon passage this Cat 1 downgrading to TS status caused high wind gusts to 80mph in Norfolk. This caused some structural damage & many trees down.Newspaper headline | surge animation
2011 Aug 27th, Hurricane Irene passes just east with 80mph winds while moving NNE causing minor damage. Norfolk sets daily rainfall record from Aug 27th of 7.92 inches or rain.Highest gust in Norfolk was 55mph with sustained around 40mph Irene model history



Text Sources:The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox...Sudden Sea R.A Scotti.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Stormscaping Pamela Crawford.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Scwartz..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....NOAA research division.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....plus many more.............

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