AXNT20 KNHC 222359

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
659 PM EST Tue Jan 22 2019

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1800 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 
2345 UTC.


...Gale Warning in the South-Central Caribbean...

Strong high pressure north of the area will maintain strong NE 
winds over much of the Caribbean through mid week, with gales
expected near the coast of Colombia each night through at least
Wednesday night. For additional information, please read the High
Seas Forecast product under the AWIPS/WMO headers HSFAT2/FZNT02 

...Gale Warnings in the Gulf of Mexico and SW N Atlantic...

A cold front is forecast to enter the NW Gulf early Wed morning a
few hours prior to sunrise, with gale force NW to N winds behind 
the front in the western Gulf from Texas to Veracruz, mainly W of
93W. As the front moves off the Florida coast into the SW N 
Atlantic, SW gale force winds are forecast on Thursday morning 
ahead of the front N of 29N and W of 74W with seas 10 to 16 feet.
For additional information, please read the High Seas Forecast 
product under the AWIPS/WMO headers HSFAT2/FZNT02 KNHC.

...Gales Expected near the Coast of Morocco...

Meteo France is forecasting gale force winds on Wednesday near the
coast of Morocco in the marine zone called AGADIR. The Meteo
France outlook for Thursday calls for the possibility of gales in
AGADIR and TARFAYA. For additional information, please visit the 
Meteo France website at
meteo-marine/bulletin/grandlarge/metarea2 .


The monsoon trough emerges from the coast of Liberia near 06N10W 
and extends to 03N15W. The ITCZ continues from that point to 
00N32W to the coast of Brazil near 01S47W. Scattered moderate 
convection is north of the ITCZ from 00N-06N between 29W-41W.
Scattered moderate convection is also seen near the NE coast of
Brazil from 00N-03N W of 47W. 


A 1041 mb surface high centered over the Delmarva Peninsula
extends a surface ridge southward over the Southeast U.S. into 
the eastern Gulf of Mexico. A strengthening low pressure system 
over the south-central U.S. and northern Mexico is being supported
by a large amplitude mid-upper level trough over the central U.S.
The pressure gradient in between the high and low pressure systems
is currently inducing strong S winds over the Gulf of Mexico.
Scattered showers are developing over Texas and NE Mexico ahead 
of a cold front, which is currently located over central Texas. At
this time, only isolated showers are noted over the NW Gulf of 

A cold front will move off the Texas coast early Wed morning, a
few hours prior to sunrise. Showers are thunderstorms are likely
over the Gulf of Mexico prior to and along with the frontal 
passage. NW-N gales are expected over the western Gulf of Mexico
Wednesday behind the front. See section above for more
information. Winds and seas will diminish across the Gulf Thu as 
the front moves southeast of the region. Another cold front will 
move off the Texas coast Sat night.


As of 2100 UTC, a stationary front extends from the Windward
Passage near 20N74W to the western tip of Jamaica near 18N79W.
Isolated showers are seen over the NW Caribbean from 16N-20N
between 74W-88W. Typical isolated trade winds showers cover
portions of the eastern Caribbean E of 70W. At the middle and 
upper levels, anticyclonic flow covers the Caribbean Sea. However,
at the surface, strong high pressure north of the area is
inducing widespread fresh to strong trade winds over most of the
Caribbean Sea. Expect strong NE to E winds across much of the
Caribbean through Thursday, with gales pulsing off Colombia, as 
strong high pressure north of the area remains in place. See
section above for more information. Expect seas well over 8 feet 
for large portions of the Caribbean Sea, highest from 10N-16N 
between 74W-80W, where 10-15 ft seas are expected. Farther east, 
large NW swell will move into Atlc waters off the Leeward Islands 
by Wed night. Winds and seas will diminish late in the week as the
high pressure shifts east ahead of another cold front. This cold 
front is expected to move into the northwest Caribbean by late 
Thu, and will stall and dissipate from central Cuba to central 
Honduras by late Fri. 


A cold front extends from 32N53W to 24N60W to 22N66W. It continues
as a stationary front from 22N66W to the Windward passage near
20N74W. A surface trough is just east of the front from 23N58W to
30N53W. Scattered showers and thunderstorms are seen E of the
front, N of 25N between 46W-54W. This convective activity is being
enhanced by upper-level diffluence in the area. No significant 
convection is present south of 25N. However, strong winds around
25 kt and high seas currently cover most of the Atlantic to the 
north of the Lesser and Greater Antilles.

Mid and upper level troughing covers the eastern Atlantic from 
19N-32N, between 20W-41W. Two smaller upper-level lows are seen 
on satellite imagery embedded within the larger upper trough, one 
near 27N37W and the other near 31N29W. Scattered showers are seen 
east of the first upper low from 25N-29N between 30W-37W. Just 
south of the large trough, an area of scattered showers and 
thunderstorms has formed from 15N-19N between 26W-34W in an area 
that is favored for rising motion and thunderstorm development. 
Elsewhere, no significant convection is noted over the Atlantic.

The cold front extending from near 22N65W to the Windward Passage
will dissipate through Wed. High pressure building in the wake of
the front will prevail through Wed before retreating eastward 
ahead of the next cold front moving off the coast of Florida early
Thu. Gale force winds will prevail N of 29N ahead of the front 
Thu. See section above for details. The front will stall and 
weaken from Bermuda to eastern Cuba by Sat. Low pres may develop 
along the front Sat near the northern Bahamas and move northeast. 

For additional information please visit