Miami,Florida's history with tropical
systems Current weather
(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm
(bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names
are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm
description is given.(since 1871)
within or near core
times 145yrs end of 2016
|Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio |
TS=30, 41.10% H=43, 58.90%
Longest gap between storms
9 years 1967-1975
How often this area gets
brushed or hit every 1.98 years
Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for a few hours.)
(31h)once every 4.68 years state stats
Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
Statistically when this area should be affected
affected in 2016
Last affected by
2016 Oct 6th Hurricane Matthew passes well N.E by 86 miles with 130mph winds while moving NNW.
This areas hurricane past
1878 Oct 21st, 80mph from the SSW just east.
1888 aug 16th ,125mph from the ESE ,a 14 ft storm surge.
1891 Aug 24th from the ESE with 80mph winds.
1903 sept 11th, 85mph from the ese.
1904 oct 17th 80mph from the south.
1906 june 17th 80mph just west coming from the south.
1906 oct 17th 100mph from the SSW kills over 100.
1909 Oct 11th, 110mph from the WSW passes just east.
1926 sept 18th,130mph 123mph to 138mph for 2
minutes with an 11 ft storm surge. A quick shift in wind caused a tidal wave that flowed down the Miami river sinking many vessels.Press 27.61, 373 killed,811 missing,6,381 injured , total devestation
winds over 100mph for over 1 hr,43,000 homeless out of 300,000. Hurricane research division estimates that todays damage would have been 80 billion dollars. Eye was reported to be 13 miles wide and at 7:40AM a well exposed anemometer atop Allison Hospital in north Miami recorded 138mph. Newspaper headline | 1926 great Miami Hurricane website NWS | aftermath video
1926 oct 21st ,110mph from the S.W just east.
1928 Sept 16th ,145mph to the north while moving into Palm bch as a large Hurricane from the S.E
1929 Sept 28th, 105mph to the south from the ESE moving into Key Largo.
1935 Sept 28th,115mph passes just east from the SSW.
1935 November 4th the yankee storm 75mph from the north press 28.73 gusts to 94mph 6 ft storm surge heavy bch damage,a small destructive storm that caused heavy damage in a narrow path.
1941 Oct 6th ,120mph from the ESE.
1945 sept 15th,140mph from the ESE homestead a.f.b hit with gusts to 170mph ,Miami had a 10.7 ft storm surge ,Miami bch 4.5 ft hurricane hit near Florida City with wind gusts from 135 to 171mph 1,000 homes badly damaged,calm reported for 1 hour.Newpaper Headline
1947 sept 17th,155mph to the North from the East but area still had storm surge to 11ft & gusts over 100mph,Broward county was most affected.
1947 Oct 12th ,80mph from s.w bar 29.00 Ft Laud 2 am moving n.e fast many twisters waters waste deep from rainfall.
1948 Sept 22nd, 105mph from the S.W passes just west.
1948 oct 5th,105mph just east gusts here 92mph press 28.92 4.5 ft storm surge heavy rains causes flooding west of red road completely underwater. video
1949 Aug 26th, 150mph to the north from the S.E
1950 hurricane King oct 17th ,125mph(hurdat) from the SSE some gusts to 150mph press 28.20 106mph 97mph for 5 min, 1 min 122mph,Many radio towers destroyed in North Dade.Very short notice on this one as the forecast was for the Bahamas to get hit.
1960 Sept 10th 140mph , Hurricane Donna passes to the south & while turning North east side winds affect Miami.
1964 aug 27th hurricane Cleo 105mph gusts to 135 press 28.57, 7 inches of rain. 10 to 16 mile wide eye passed north tip of Key Biscayne,Virginia key & entered Miami around 36th street,moved over opa locka.NHC wind inst destroyed when peak wind gust of 110mph hit. Airport reported gusts of 100mph 28.71 press. Eye 1:30 min in passing 2/1/2 max winds. Max tide no more than 4 ft. Most damage is windows broken,$up to 100,000,000 damage. 61,600 phones down,75 to 80% power out,1,200 homes damaged, 90 trailers destroyed,82 planes destroyed.
1964 oct 15th Isbell from s.w moving n.e at 20mph, with 125mph,miami rec 75mph 4pm.
1965 Betsy sept 8th ,125mph from the east hits key largo,miami gusts over 100mph near 7 ft storm surge. Betsy page | Best track error | Betsy as it happened video
1966 Oct 4th, Hurricane Inez passes just south from the east with 85mph winds
1992 Andrew devestates south Miami with 165mph aug 24th 5 am 30 billion dollars damage,bar 922mb. Heavy damage in south Miami Homestead,Kendall & Florida city. Weather map from the 21st | Satelite image | Newspaper headline | Newspaper article | #2 | Andrew page | Newspaper headline | Presidential address | Animated radar from the hurricane research division. | av model error | HC Andrew page | Andrew damage videos | more on Hurricane Andrew here | notes from best track change committee upgrading Andrew to cat 5 | Good morning america 1 month later in Country walk | Dr Ted Fujita wind map | Dr Ted Fujita wind map explanation
1999 oct 15th hurricane Irene just west with 80mph winds from the SSW .Heavy flooding especially inland,1 roof blown off a condominium.3 men injured in truck due to falling debris.1 man injured walking down sidewalk by falling debris.Hurricane warnings never issued?? 11 inches of rain here.Newspaper article
2005 August 25th,Hurricane Katrina moves in from the NE with 80mph winds. 4 deaths reported in S Fla with moderate damage & heavy flooding.Rainfall= 61.33 inches in Perrine & 14.04 inches in Homestead.87mph gust reported at at NHC and 82mph gust in Ft Lauderdale.Damage shot #1 | Damage shot #2 | track and dates
2005,Oct 24th , Hurricane Wilma comes in just NW of Dade county with 105mph winds from the SW. Moving very quickly NE at 25mph heavy rainbands on the east quadrant of WIlma gusting to 110mph causes significant damage in NE Dade county. Official NHC final report from Miami international airport 68mph sustained with gusts to 90mph. Sweetwater WFO 67mph with gusts to 105mph. West Kendall 60mph with gusts to 82mph.Unofficial Doral CBS4 114mph gust. Hurricane Wilma caused an estimated 20 billion in damage with 35 deaths in Florida.Radar during worst conditions in Miami | Wilma satelite picture | Office building with blown out glass | Video of roof blowing off condo | NHC final report
Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports | Unisys hurricane database | Hurricane reseach division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Scwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox...Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Stormscaping Pamela Crawford.....Sudden Sea R.A Scotti.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....plus many more.............
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